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在線閱讀 --哲學社會科學版 2020年6期《儒學與帝國日常政治:宋代皇帝的孝治與《孝經》》
儒學與帝國日常政治:宋代皇帝的孝治與《孝經》--[在線閱讀]
劉云
閩南師范大學 閩南文化研究院暨閩南文化研究中心, 福建 漳州 363000
起止頁碼: 48--54頁
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.psse.2020.06.006
摘要
宋朝一貫宣揚以孝治天下,作為最高統治者的皇帝尤其重視《孝經》在教化天下中的作用。宋朝皇帝未登基之前學習《孝經》,登基后聽侍講、崇政殿說書等侍從官員講授《孝經》,或與輔臣討論《孝經》,或者親自書寫《孝經》,作《孝經》詩與臣僚唱和,掛《孝經圖》,將御書《孝經》刊刻于石碑,時時警醒,或獎勵進呈《孝經》的官員與布衣。在明堂典禮時,皇帝及禮官會根據《孝經》記載的禮制儀程來舉行。這些孝治手段在一定程度上起到了教化天下的作用。從現有的史料來看,宋代皇帝孝治的事例主要集中在太宗、真宗和高宗時期,這應該跟太宗與高宗登基存在爭議,以及真宗澶淵之盟后需要轉移民眾注意力有關。宋朝皇帝通過一系列孝治手段,起到教化臣民的作用,使自身的皇位更加鞏固,而孝治也成為中國傳統帝國日常政治生活的一部分,是儒學政治化的重要表現。

Confucianism and Imperial Daily Politics: Rule of Emperors in Song Dynasty by Filial Piety and Xiao Jing (The Classic of Filial Piety)
LIU Yun
Institute of Minnan Culture Research/Minnan Culture Research Center, Minnan Normal University, Zhangzhou, Fujian 363000, China
Abstract:
The Song Dynasty always advocated the rule of filial piety. As the supreme ruler, the emperors paid special attention to Xiao Jing (The Classic of Filial Piety) in educating the world. Before the emperors ascended the throne, they studied Xiao Jing. After they ascended the throne, they listened to attendant officials such as imperial lecturers and Chongzheng Hall (崇政殿) consultants on history and classics to teach Xiao Jing, or discussed Xiao Jing with the assistant ministers, or handwrote Xiao Jing, or wrote poems on Xiao Jing to which the courtiers replied with the same rhyme sequence, or hung illustrations of Xiao Jing, or had Xiao Jing handwritten by the emperors inscribed on stone tablets as constant caution, or awarded officials as well as commenters who had made submissions on Xiao Jing. At the ceremonies of the Bright Hall (mingtang 明堂), the emperor and ceremony officials held the ceremony according to the etiquette and rituals recorded in Xiao Jing. These filial piety measures had played a role in educating the world to a certain extent. According to historical data available, instances of emperors' rule by filial piety in the Song Dynasty were mainly found in Taizong, Zhenzong and Gaozong Period. It should be related to the disputes over Taizong and Gaozong' ascending the throne, and the need for Zhenzong to divert people's attention after the Chanyuan Treaty (AD 1005). The emperors of the Song Dynasty adopted a series of filial piety measures to educate their subjects and consolidate their throne. Filial piety also became a part of the daily political life in traditional Chinese empires, which is a manifestation of the politicization of Confucianism.

收稿日期: 2020-06-20
基金項目:

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