<sup id="ic2ca"><div id="ic2ca"></div></sup>
<sup id="ic2ca"></sup>
<rt id="ic2ca"><small id="ic2ca"></small></rt>
檢索
在線閱讀 --教育科學版 2020年6期《全球疫情背景下西方發達國家留學政策的突變及應對》
全球疫情背景下西方發達國家留學政策的突變及應對--[在線閱讀]
周洪宇
華中師范大學 教育學院, 湖北 武漢 430079
起止頁碼: 21--28頁
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.ese.2020.06.002
摘要
教育對外開放是我國改革開放事業的重要組成部分,中國目前已經是全球第一大國際生源國。黨中央、國務院高度重視教育對外開放。黨的十八大以來,習近平總書記對教育對外開放工作作出了一系列重要指示、批示,無論是教育主管部門還是教育工作者和研究者,都深刻地認識到了教育對外開放工作的重要性和緊迫性。但自2020年新冠疫情發生以來,以美國為首的部分西方發達國家的留學政策卻日趨收緊,不斷反復,使赴外留學,尤其是赴美留學具有明顯的不確定性,引起了國際社會的廣泛關注。從當前我國留學的基本現狀與發展趨勢來看,和平與發展的時代主題沒變,全球化趨勢沒變,我國對外開放的政策沒變。因此,辯證認識疫情背景下留學的總體形勢,積極應對,制定切實可行的政策及制度成為當務之急。

The Abrupt Change of International Student Policy in Developed Western Countries under Covid-19 Pandemic and its Countermeasures
ZHOU Hongyu
School of Education, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, Hubei 430079, China
Abstract:
Education opening-up is an important part of China's reform and opening-up, and China is now the largest source country of overseas students in the world. The CPC Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to opening education to the outside world. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has given a series of instructions on the opening-up of education, and education authorities, educators and researchers have realized the importance and urgency of the opening-up of education. However, since the outbreak of COVID-19 in 2020, the policy of international student in some developed western countries, led by the United States, has been increasingly tightened and full of reversals and zigzags, which makes it obviously uncertain to study abroad, especially in the United States, and has aroused widespread concern in the international community. Under the current situation and trend of Chinese studying abroad, the theme of peace and development has not changed, the trend of globalization has not changed, and China's policy of opening to the outside world has not changed. Therefore, it is imperative to dialectically understand the overall situation of studying abroad under the background of the pandemic, actively respond to it, and formulate practical policies and systems.

收稿日期: 2020-07-20
基金項目: 國家社會科學基金“十三五”規劃2018年度教育學重大課題“建設教育強國的國際經驗與中國路徑研究”(VGA180003)

參考文獻:
[1]教育部.2018年度我國出國留學人員情況統計[EB/OL].(2019-03-27).http://www.moe.gov.cn/jyb_xwfb/gzdt_gzdt/s5987/201903/t20190327_375704.html.
[2]2019年中國出國留學生人數、留學回國人數及國際教育發展趨勢分析[EB/OL].(2020-03-25).http://www.chyxx.com/industry/202003/846042.html.
[3]陸航.近十年(2006-2016)來中國高校赴美留學學生發展狀況、特征及展望——基于《門戶開放報告》的分析[J].現代教育管理,2018(2).
[4]中國教育在線.2017中國出國留學發展趨勢報告[EB/OL].https://www.eol.cn/html/lx/report2017/er.shtml.
[5]中信銀行股份有限公司.2019出國留學藍皮書基于留學中介評價指數[Z].北京:中信出版社.2019.
[6]Institute of International Education.Open Doors in 2019[EB/OL].(2019-11-17)[2020-05-13].htps://p.widencdn.net/6tpaeo/Open-Doors-Annual-Data-Release-2019-11-17-Print.
[7]習近平.毫不放松抓緊抓實抓細防控工作統籌做好經濟社會發展各項工作[EB/OL].(2020-02-24).http://cpc.people.com.cn/n1/2020/0224/c64094-31600537.html.
[8]張家棟.世界大變局中的變與不變.人民論壇[N].2019-06-21.
[9]賈秀東.和平與發展仍然是時代主題[EB/OL].(2018-03-16).http://www.qstheory.cn/2018-03/16/c_1122548342.htm.
[10]楊潔勉.辯證把握國際格局.人民日報[N].2019-07-09.
[11]查建國,夏立,仝薇.2019國際形勢前瞻研討會:把握國際局勢的"變"與"不變"[EB/OL].(2019-01-29).http://cssn.cn/gjgxx/gj_bwsf/201901/t20190129_4819278_2.shtml.
[12]習近平.在出席世界經濟論壇2017年年會和訪問聯合國日內瓦總部時的演講[M].北京:人民出版社,2017.
[13]習近平.開放合作命運與共——在第二屆中國國際進口博覽會開幕式上的主旨演講[M].北京:人民出版社,2019.
[14]劉勝軍.中美世紀博弈一年半:復盤與前瞻.[EB/OL].(2019-11-27).http://www.szhgh.com/Article/opinion/zatan/2019-11-27/215653.html.
[15]中國學生赴美國留學意愿銳減英校擔心北京出臺"留學禁令".參考消息[N].2020-07-20.
[16]習近平.培養更多優秀人才開創留學工作新局面[N].人民日報,2014-12-14.
[17]習近平會見美國哈佛大學校長巴科[N].人民日報,2019-03-21.
[18]張爍.教育部等八部門印發意見加快和擴大新時代教育對外開放[N].人民日報,2020-06-23.
[19]方略研究院."留學生回國可讀高職高專"的爭議背后,不能忽視這個真問題[EB/OL].(2020-05-30).https://xw.qianzhan.com/analyst/detail/329/200529-0ea0c13c.html.
916彩票