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在線閱讀 --教育科學版 2020年6期《突破轉學的國界限制:現象、原理和機制》
突破轉學的國界限制:現象、原理和機制--[在線閱讀]
涂麗華1, 盧曉東2,3
1. 湖南文理學院 師范學院, 湖南 常德 415000;
2. 北京大學 教育學院, 北京 100871;
3. 北京大學 教育經濟研究所, 北京 100871
起止頁碼: 29--38頁
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.ese.2020.06.003
摘要
2020年新冠病毒席卷全球,時疫的威脅、學校的關閉、生活的諸多不便,使未來的留學生活充滿未知。與此同時,美國政府特別針對中國的逆全球化不斷升級,給赴美留學設置了巨大障礙。嚴峻而充滿未知的時疫與國際局勢將留學置于隨時可能中斷的境地。在特殊時期,基于人道主義、國家人才戰略以及高等教育本身的規律,如何突破轉學的國界限制,依法為我國留學公民轉學回國接受高等教育提供機會成為一個重要議題。自由轉學是基于人的本質發展理論,通過課程的學分互認來實現的。由于目前國內外高校間課程的學分互認機制不健全,甚至沒有建立,實現自由轉學存在諸多障礙。我國高等教育應該從高校接收轉學生的容納能力、轉學考試、轉學的教育財政意義、積極拓展疫情期間的中外合作辦學等方面突破國界限制,構建雙向的自由轉學機制。自由轉學機制這一低投入高質量的方案有利于健全我國高等教育國際化機制,有利于推動我國一流本科的建設,從而為拔尖創新人才的培養與個人的發展提供更好的機會。

Transfer Beyond the Boundaries: Phenomena, Principles and Mechanism
TU Lihua1, LU Xiaodong2,3
1. Teacher's College, Hunan University of Arts and Science, Changde, Hunan 415000, China;
2. Graduate School of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
3. Instiute of Economics of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
Abstract:
In 2020, COVID-19 has swept across the world. Studying abroad is full of uncertainty because of the pandemic threat, closure of schools, and the inconvenience of life. Meanwhile, the U.S. government has continuously escalated its anti-globalization against China, with unprecedented obstacles set for Chinese overseas students in the US. As a result, studying abroad may be interrupted at any time. Based on humanitarianism, the national talent strategy, and the laws of higher education itself, in a special period, it has become an important issue to break through the national boundaries for transfers and provide opportunities for Chinese overseas students to transfer back to China to receive higher education in accordance with the law. Free transfer is based on the theory about intrinsic quality and development of human beings and is achieved through mutual recognition of course credits. Since the current credit recognition mechanism between domestic and foreign universities is not fully developed or even established, there are many obstacles to realize free transfer. We should establish a two-way free transfer mechanism from the following aspects: the capacity of receiving transferring students in colleges and universities, the transfer examination, the educational financial significance of transfer, and actively expanding Sino-foreign cooperation in running schools during the epidemic. Free transfer mechanism, a low-cost and high-quality scheme, is conducive to improving the internationalization mechanism of higher education in China, promoting the construction of first-class undergraduate programs in China, and providing better opportunities for the cultivation of top-notch innovative talents and personal development.

收稿日期: 2020-09-13
基金項目: 全國教育科學“十三五”規劃教育部重點課題“中美應用型地方高校銜接機制的比較研究”(DJA180329)

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