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在線閱讀 --教育科學版 2020年6期《我國居民高等教育學費支付能力的比較研究》
我國居民高等教育學費支付能力的比較研究--[在線閱讀]
柴江
鹽城師范學院 教育科學學院, 江蘇 鹽城 224002
起止頁碼: 52--58頁
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.ese.2020.06.006
摘要
我國的高等教育收費制度大致經歷了免費時期(1949—1978年)、免費向收費過渡時期(1979—1988年)、收費制度形成時期(1989—1996年)和收費制度確立時期(1997年至今)四個階段。1997年高等教育收費制度確立后,高等教育學費上升趨勢明顯。通過比較OECD成員國,我國各省、市、自治區以及城鄉家庭高等教育學費的支付能力,結果發現:我國居民的高等教育學費支付能力明顯上升,但與OECD成員國居民的支付能力相比,仍有一定的差距;我國不同地區及同一地區不同省、市、自治區居民的高等教育學費支付能力存在差異,中、西部地區個別省、市、自治區居民的支付能力相對較弱;農村家庭的高等教育學費支付能力較弱?;谘芯拷Y果,可在已形成的“獎、助、勤、貸、減”相結合的學生資助制度的基礎上,進一步完善對中、西部地區一般院校學生的資助制度。

A Comparative Study on the Higher Education Tuition Affordability of Chinese Residents
CHAI Jiang
School of Education Science, Yancheng Teacher's College, Yancheng, Jiangsu 224002, China
Abstract:
China's higher education tuition payment system has experienced four stages: free period (1949-1978), transition period from free to charging (1979-1988), charging system formation period (1989-1996) and charging system establishment period (1997-present). After the establishment of the higher education charging system in 1997, there is a clear upward trend in higher education tuition. By comparing the higher education tuition affordability of OECD member countries, China's provinces, municipalities, autonomous regions, and urban and rural families, it is found that the higher education tuition affordability of Chinese residents has clearly increased, but there is still a certain gap compared with that of OECD member countries; there are differences in the affordability of higher education tuition among residents in different regions, and provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in the same region, and affordability of some provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in the central and western regions is relatively weak; higher education tuition affordability of rural families is weaker. It is suggested that, on the basis of the established financial aid system which combines “award, subsidies, work-study, loan and reduction,” we further improve the funding system for students in common colleges and universities not included in the national programs in the central and western regions.

收稿日期: 2020-06-25
基金項目: 全國教育科學規劃一般課題“家校協同視域下中小學生學業素養的養成路徑研究”(BHA190146)

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